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Big Sandy Federal Penitentiary



A design aesthetic for a highly-functional complex that would be neither opulent nor barbaric – with overall visual effect of security, clarity and order.


Project Type: Penitentiary and Federal Prison Camp
Client: Federal Bureau of Prisons
Construction Cost: $146,000,000
Square Footage: 677,000 SF

KZF provided full-design Architecture and Engineering services for this maximum-security institution with 768 cells and support facilities and 96 special housing cells. This facility is a compound plan consisting of one- and two-story program buildings, a Federal Prison Industries (UNICOR) factory, and three four-story general housing buildings enclosed in a continuous secure corridor surrounding an interior compound.

The prison’s medical clinic includes treatment rooms, triage rooms, exam rooms, x-ray room, clinical lab, audiology/optometry and dental treatment rooms, psychiatric observation areas, sterilization, physician’s and nurses’ offices, waiting rooms, medical record storage area with high-density storage, and a pharmacy.